Grammar technology and language learning bibliography

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Blum, B. (2013, Feb. 5). Spellchecker on speed. Israel21c. Available 2-13.

Espinosa, J. (2013, Jan. 3). Blackberry, Trident, Grammarly and others among this week's top PTAT gainers for product and service pages. Inside Facebook. -weeks-top-ptat-gainers-for-product-and-service-pages/. Accessed 1-13.

Glister, P. (2013, Feb. 10). Google Now offers glimpse of where the search giant is headed. newsobserver storylink=cpy. Available 3-13.

Leverett, T. (2013, Jan. 26). Grammar awareness as a pop phenomenon. thomas leverett weblog.

Padmanabhan, G. (2013, Feb. 20). Same words, many languages. The Hindu. Available 3-13.


Conner, C. (2012, Oct. 21). I don't tolerate poor grammar. Forbes. Accessed 1-13.

Emphasis: Business writing trainers. (2012, Apr.). Review: Grammarly app. Write away e-bulletin article. Accessed 1-13.

Foster, W. (2012, Nov. 22). Live Without a Net (or Condom, or Spell-Check). Billy Foster,

Grammarist (2012, Jan. 10). Grammarly doesn't do all it claims to do. Grammarist blog. Accessed 1-13.

Johnson, S. (2012, Aug. 7). Grammarly revisited. The Economist. Accessed 1-13.

Leverett, T. (2012, July). Promotion. thomas leverett weblog.

McCarthy, D., and Siemaszko, C. (2012, May 12). (New Yorkers can't get it 'write' because they are hooked on spell-check, test shows. New York Daily News. article-1.1082957.

Nehorai, E. (2012, Oct. 23). America's Obsession With Grammar and What It Means. HuffPost Blogs. Accessed 2-13.

Pullum, G. (2012, Apr. 13). Passive voice wrongly accused yet again. Language Log. Accessed 3-13.

Pullum, G. (2012). Confusion over avoiding the passive. Updated regularly; last updated in 2012. Accessed 3-13.


Keethink. (2011, Feb. 3). Why you should teach MS Word's Grammar Check (and how to do it). Keeth ink smart writing weblog. -do-it/. Accessed 1-13.

Leverett, T. (2011, Mar.). Add technology, delete skills? thisisyourbrain weblog.

Leverett, T. (2011, Jan.). Thank you for your cupertino. thomas leverett weblog.

Leverett, T. (2011). Negotiate with the elephant. Google docs. Available

One cool site. (Dec. 12, 2011). Five free grammar checkers. writers/. Available 2-13.

Zimmer, B (2011, Jan. 13). Auto (in)correct. New York Times Magazine. Accessed 1-11.


Chaika, E. O. (2010, Jan. 11). Uncheck Word's Grammar Checker. smarthotoldlady. Accessed 2-13.

Leverett, T. (2010). To check or not to check. Published in Global Study Magazine. Self-published at

___ (2010, Mar.) Grammar technology: for better or worse. Internet Fair Classics, Electronic Village, TESOL Convention, Boston.

before 2010

Daws, N. (2007, Nov. 19). New online spelling and grammar checker. Nick Daws' Writing Blog. Accessed 1-10.

Daws, N. (2007, Jan. 10). Review: WhiteSmoke Writing Software. Nick Daws' Writing Blog. writing-software.html. Accessed 1-10.

Knutsson, O., Cerrato-Pargman, T., and Severindson Elkundh, K. Transforming Grammar Checking Technology into a Learning Environment for Second Language Writing (pdf).

Leverett, T. (2009). Green line to the commons: Grammar-check takes ESL/EFL for a ride. Part of Grammar technology: for better or worse, TESOL 2010, Boston MA.

Mitton, R. (1996). Spell-checking by computer. Birkbeck College. Originally appeared in Journal of the Simplified Spelling Society, Vol 20, No 1, 1996, pp 4-11. Accessed 2-13.

Pullum, G. (2007, Oct. 26). Monkeys will check your grammar. Language Log. Accessed 3-13.

Rose, J. (2006, Sept. 18). Ten common writing mistakes your spell checker won't find. Writing English. checker-won’t-find/. Available 3-13.

Sartain, J. (2009, July 9). The Chicago Manual of Style equals errors and contradictions, do not use it! Examiner. contradictions-do-not-use-it. Accessed 1-13.

Zimmer, B. (2006, Oct. 2). The Cupertino effect strikes again. Language Log. Accessed 1-11.

Zimmer, B. (2007). When Spellcheckers Attack: Perils of the Cupertino effect. OUPblog (Oxford University Press): From A to Zimmer. Accessed 1-11.

No Date

DailyWritingTips. (n.d.) Warning: Microsoft Did Not Invent Grammar! Sharon. Accessed 1-13.

Krishnamurthy, S. (n.d.). A Demonstration of the Futility of Using Microsoft Word’s Spelling and Grammar Check. U. of Washington. Accessed 2-13.

Nichol, M. (n.d.). The problem with grammar check. DailyWritingTips. Accessed 2-13.

Norvig, P. (n.d.). How to Write a Spelling Corrector. Peter Norvig's papers. http://

Wikipedia. (n.d.) Grammarly.

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[ Grammar technology: For better or worse ]
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[ 2011 Presentation handout ]
[ Presentation bibliography (includes chat & texting) ]
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